Section II. An Alternative Vision:  Whitehead’s Philosophy

Track 4:  Whitehead’s Value Theory and Ethics
(Theodore Walker)


Modern philosophies and visions of the world continue encouraging ecologically unsustainable practices. Section II–An Alternative Vision: Whitehead’s Philosophy–concerns advancing alternative visions, especially visions instructed by Whitehead’s philosophy. Track 4–Whitehead’s Value Theory and Ethics: Implications for Ecological Civilization–concerns Whiteheadian advances toward an alternative value-moral theory, and how Whiteheadian visions, along with other alternative visions, can encourage technological and moral guidance toward an ecological civilization.

Participants Include:


Roland Faber
Brian Henning
Rem B. Edwards
Hak Joon Lee
Michael Greene
Theodore Walker Jr.
Vaughn Baker
Derek Malone-France
Les Muray



Friday 5 June 2015

11:00-12:30: Common Section Lecture: Roland Faber – “Philosophy is the Critique of Abstractions”
14:00-15:30: Brian Henning – Decision Making in the Ethics of Creativity
16:00-17:30: Rem B. Edwards – “How Whitehead’s Ontology and Theory of Value Mutually Ground Each Other”

Saturday 6 June 2015

11:00-12:30: Hak Joon Lee – “The Great World House: Martin Luther King Jr. and Global Ecological Civilization”
14:00-15:30: Michael Greene – “Economic Prerequisites of Worldwide Ecological Civilization: Pan Yue and Martin Luther King Jr.”
16:00-16:40: Theodore Walker Jr. – “Ecological Civilization and Worldwide Neighborhood: Pan Yue, Martin Luther King Jr., and Alfred North Whitehead”
16:45-17:30: Les Muray – More Connections to Martin Luther King Jr. and Ecological Civilization

Sunday 7 June 2015

11:00-12:30: Vaughn Baker – Open Theism and Ecological Civilization
14:00-15:30: Derek Malone-France – Metaphysics of Freedom, Deep Empiricism, and Ecological Civilization



Baker, Vaughn. (2013). Evangelism and the Openness of God: The Implications of Relational Theism for Evangelism and Mission. Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick Publications.

Baker-Fletcher, Karen. (1998). Sisters of Dust, Sisters of Spirit: Womanist Wordings on God and Creation. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Edwards, Rem B. (2002). What Caused the Big Bang? Amsterdam; Atlanta: Rodopi.
Edwards, Rem B. (2010). The Essentials of Formal Axiology. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
Edwards, Rem B. (2012). John Wesley’s Values—And Ours. Lexington, KY: Emeth Press.
Edwards, Rem B. (2012). Spiritual Values and Evaluations. Lexington, KY: Emeth Press.
Edwards, Rem B. (2014). An Axiological Process Ethics. Claremont, CA: Process Century Press.

Greene, Michael. (2014). A Way Out of No Way: The Economic Prerequisites of the Beloved Community. Eugene, Oregon: Cascade Books.

Henning, Brian G. (2005). The Ethics of Creativity: Beauty, Morality, and Nature in a Processive Cosmos. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Henning, Brian G. with William T. Myers and Joseph D. John, editors. (2015). Thinking with Whitehead and the American Pragmatists: Experience and Reality. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books.

Henning, Brian G. and Adam C. Scarfe, editors. (2013). Beyond Mechanism: Putting Life Back into Biology, foreword by Stuart A. Kauffman. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books.

 King, Martin Luther, Jr. (2010 [1967]). Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community? [foreword by Coretta Scott King, introduction by Vincent Harding]. Boston: Beacon Press.

Lee, Hak Joon. (2011). The Great World House: Martin Luther King, Jr., and Global Ethics: Cleveland, Ohio: Pilgrim Press.

Lee, Hak Joon. (2006). We Will Get to the Promised Land: Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Communal-Political Spirituality, foreword by Peter J. Paris. Cleveland: Pilgrim Press.

Malone-France, Derek. (2012). Faith, Fallibility, and the Virtue of Anxiety: An Essay in Religion and Political Liberalism. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.

Malone-France, Derek. (2007). Deep Empiricism: Kant, Whitehead, and the Necessity of Philosophical Theism. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books/Rowman and Littlefield.

Malone-France, Derek, editor. (December 2011). Political Dissent—A Global Reader: Vol. 1: Ancient to Early-Modern Sources; Vol. 2: Modern Sources. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books/Rowman & Littlefield.

Sia, Santiago. (2015). Society in Its Challenges: Philosophical Considerations of Living in Society [foreword by former President of Ireland Mary McAleese]. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Sia, Santiago. (2010). Ethical Contexts and Theoretical Issues: Essays in Ethical Thinking. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Trimiew, Darryl M. (c1997). God Bless the Child That’s Got Its Own: The Economic Rights Debate. Atlanta: Scholars Press.

Walker, Theodore, Jr. (2004). Mothership Connections: A Black Atlantic Synthesis of Neoclassical Metaphysics and Black Theology. Albany: State University of New York Press.


“Ecological Civilization” in China Sources:

(Compiled by Rita Chen, Maria Reis Habito, Sally Hoover, Yi Ning Liu, Freedom McAdoo, and Theodore Walker Jr.)


According to 百度 (a Chinese version Google),

“ecological civilization” is “生態文明”

and in simplified Chinese “生态文明”。


 【十八大報告解讀】生態文明建設 頂層設計的三大亮點


 生態文明先行示範區建設啟動 5股值得關注  


English language sources concerning “ecological civilization”:

Bagchi, Samar. (February 2012). “Marx and Engels and ‘Small Is Beautiful.’” Monthly Review: An Independent Socialist Magazine, volume 63, number 9, pages 52-53. [letter to the editor with response by Fred Magdoff and John Bellamy Foster (March 2010; January 2011)]

[Online at



Brahic, Catherine. (14 June 2014). “China Battles to be First ‘Ecological Civilisation’.” New Scientist, volume 222, number 2973, page 12f.

[Online at


[government responses to pollution … philosophy of ecological civilization expressed by “China’s premier Li Keqiang” …]


E’Xiang, Wan. (November 2010). “Establishing an Environmental Public Interest Litigation System and Promoting the Building of an Ecological Civilization.” Chinese Law & Government, volume 43, number 6, pages 30-40.

[Online at <>.]


Jiang, Xinwen. (April 2010). “Defining Modern Life at Poyang Lake: An Ecological Civilization in the Making.” China Today, volume 59, number 4, pages 76-77. [Poyang Lake is the largest freshwater lake in China]


Jing Duo, Liu, and Liu Zhong Fen. (January 2014). “Construct Ecological Network Society Improve Cultural Ecological Environment.” Journal of Youth Studies, volume 17, number 1, pages 149-160.


Magdoff, Fred and John Bellamy Foster. (March 2010). “What Every Environmentalist Needs to Know About Capitalism.” Monthly Review: An Independent Socialist Magazine, volume 61, number 10. [Online at <>.]


Magdoff, Fred. (January 2011). “Ecological Civilization.” Monthly Review: An Independent Socialist Magazine, volume 62, number 8, pages 1-25.


Magdoff, Fred. (June 2012). “Harmony and Ecological Civilization.” Monthly Review: An Independent Socialist Magazine, volume 64, number 2, pages 1-9.


Naustdalslid, Jon. (July 2014). “Circular Economy in China – The Environmental Dimension of the Harmonious Society.” International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, volume 21, number 4, pages 303-313. [Here is a descriptive and critical account of “top-down social engineering” and “circular economy” emerging from post-1976 (death-of Mao Zedong) ecological problems addressed via “harmonious society” (formulated by the 16th Party Congress in 2002) and “ecological civilization” in “Beautiful China” (formulated by the 18th Party Congress in 2012).]  


Ushakov, Igor. (April 2013). “The 18th CPC Congress Gives Priority to the Environment.” Far Eastern Affairs, volume 41, number 2, pages 47-53.


Wen, Tiejun, et al. (February 2012). “Ecological Civilization, Indigenous Culture, and Rural Reconstruction in China.” Monthly Review: An Independent Socialist Magazine, volume 63, number 9, pages 29-44.


Yue, Pan. (24 June 2004). “People Keen to Keep It Clean.” Beijing Review, China’s National English News Weekly, volume 47, number 25, pages 26-27.


Yue, Pan. (June 2006). “Growth vs. Ecological Calamity in China.” NPQ: New Perspectives Quarterly, volume 23, number 3, pages 54-57. [Pan Yue is vice chairman of China’s State Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA).] [See <>.]


Yue, Pan. (10 August 2006). “Friends of the Earth.” Beijing Review, China’s National English News Weekly, volume 49, number 32, pages 16-17. [In accordance with the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development, there are three pillars: economic development, social progress, environmental protection.]

 Yue, Pan. (09 November 2006). “Evolution of an Ecological Civilization.” Beijing Review, China’s National English News Weekly, volume 49, number 45, pages 18-19.

 Yue, Pan. (November 2008). “Looking Forward to an Ecological Civilization.” China Today, volume 57, issue 11, pages 29-30.

[Here Pan Yue identifies three stages of civilization: millions of years of Stone Age, 10,000 years of agricultural age, and 300 years of industrial civilization. Industrial civilization yields “global ecological crisis” and we are now “looking forward to a new form of civilization – an ecological society” (p. 29 [bold added]), “… deeply rooted in Chinese culture, philosophy, literature and art. For example … Lost Books of the Zhou Dynasty … Ritual of Zhou … environmental consciousness of the ancients,’’ and Yue says, “An ‘ecological civilization’ is one in which there are harmonious relations between people, between people and nature, and between people and society, in order to realize sustainable all-round prosperity. Many Chinese belief systems also advocate harmony between man and nature. Confucianism … Taoism … Buddhism … An ecological civilization proposes to build an environmentally friendly and sustainable society, reducing the burden on nature. As well as being beneficial to the environment, this is the most sound form of long-term economic and social development. An ecological civilization is based on thrift, consuming to meet basic needs, and the pursuit of more spiritual and cultural satisfactions” (p. 30 [bold added]).]


Zhibang, Jia (Director of the State Forestry Administration). “Creating Harmony between People and Nature” in Beijing Review, China’s National English News Weekly, no. 21, 28 May 2009, online at

[“During the {October 2007} 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), Hu Jintao, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, called for the building of an “ecological civilization” and reiterated the Scientific Outlook on Development, which puts people first and ensures harmonious and sustainable growth. … An ecological civilization refers to one that obtains material and spiritual wealth by following the objective principle of the harmonious development of humankind, nature and society. It is a cultural philosophy governing the relations between mankind and nature, mankind and mankind, and mankind and society. The fundamental purpose of an ecological civilization is to coexist in harmony, to achieve rounded development and the sustainable prosperity of all. … Forests and wetlands …”]


Zhihe, Wang, et al. (February 2013). “What Does Ecological Marxism Mean For China?.” Monthly Review: An Independent Socialist Magazine, volume 64, number 9, pages 47-53. [includes attention to the influence of John Bellamy Foster’s ”Ecology Against Capitalism” and ”Marx’s Ecology” and the influence of the 2007 17th National Congress]


 Ministry of Environmental Protection – The People’s Republic of China. (13 April 2008). “China Takes Responsible Attitude to Climate Change, Environmental Protection.” Xinhua News Agency.

[Online at < >.

[See also < >.]


Guiyang Municipal Regulations on Promoting the Construction of an Ecological Civilization. Chinese Law & Government, volume 43, number 6, (November 2010): 42-52.

[Online at <>.]

 Notes from the Editors. (January 2011). Monthly Review: An Independent Socialist Magazine, volume 62, number 8, pages 1-63. [An introduction by the editors concerning “Marxism and Ecological Civilization” conference at Fudan University, changes in the city of Shanghai, China, and the historical impact of Western imperialism in China.]


Other English language online sources:

(1)      “China Rises – Food is Heaven” is a 2006 video documentary produced by Cathy Forrest, Susan Teskey, and Gert Anhalt at:
This video includes brief comments by Pan Yue.

[Other China Rises documentaries at <>.]

(2)     Online at < … >: “Oct 24, 2007 – Ecological civilization is a new concept proposed by Hu Jintao, general secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. …”


(3)      Online at < … >: “Nov 15, 2012 – As China’s new leaders prepare to take office, the idea of ‘ecological civilization’ has jumped in prominence. …”


(4)      United Nations website < >: “Forum on Ecological Civilization and Green Transformation” co-hosted by United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation and the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development … opening remarks by H. E. Mr. Wu Xiaoqing, Vice-Minister, Ministry of Environmental Protection … [also at <>: “the creative economy report 2013” and “Widening Local Development Pathways: The Creative Economy and the Post-2015 Development Agenda.”].


Also, concerning global relations to China:

 Clayton, Philip and Justin Heinzekehr, editors. (2014). Organic Marxism: An Alternative to Capitalism and Ecological Catastrophe. Claremont, CA: Process Century Press.


Mann, Charles C. (2014). 1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created. New York: Alfred A. Knopf/Borzoi.


Osnos, Evan. (2014). Age of Ambition: Chasing Fortune, Truth, and Faith in the New China. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.